Environmental issues in the Maldives

Environmental issues in the Maldives
According to the president of Nauru, the Maldives are ranked the third most endangered nation due to flooding from climate change.
In March and April 2012 the previous President of the Maldives Mohamed Nasheed stated
    “If carbon emissions were to stop today, the planet would not see a difference for 60 to 70 years,” Nasheed said. “If carbon emissions continue at the rate they are climbing today, my country will be underwater in seven years.”

and called for more climate change mitigation action while on the American television shows The Daily Show [40] and The David Letterman Show.

Over the last century, sea levels have risen about 20 centimetres (8 in);  further rises of the ocean could threaten the very existence of this island nation, with its maximum natural ground level of only 2.4 metres (7 ft 8.7 in), and averaging only 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) above sea level. Eighty percent of the total land mass of the islands is only a metre above mean sea level. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) 2007 report predicted the upper limit of the sea level rises will be 59 centimetres (23 in) by the year 2100, and it means most of the republic's 200 inhabited islands will have to be abandoned. However, at least one study appears to show that the sea level in the Maldives dropped 20–30 centimetres (8–12 in) throughout the 1970s and '80s, although later studies failed to back this up. In November 2008, President Mohamed Nasheed announced plans to look into purchasing new land in India, Sri Lanka, and Australia because of his concerns about global warming, and the possibility of much of the islands being inundated with water from rising sea levels. The purchase of land will be made from a fund generated by tourism. The President has explained his intentions:

    "We do not want to leave the Maldives, but we also do not want to be climate refugees living in tents for decades".

On 22 April 2008, then President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom pleaded for a cut in global greenhouse gas emissions, warning that rising sea levels could submerge the island nation of Maldives.

By 2020, Maldives plans to eliminate or offset all of its greenhouse gas emissions. At the 2009 International Climate Talks, President Mohamed Nasheed explained that:

    "For us swearing off fossil fuels is not only the right thing to do, it is in our economic self-interest… Pioneering countries will free themselves from the unpredictable price of foreign oil; they will capitalize on the new green economy of the future, and they will enhance their moral standing giving them greater political influence on the world stage."

The evidence that there is any sea rise threat to Maldives is disputed. A study by controversial Swedish sea level commentator Nils-Axel Mörner suggested that sea levels had, in fact, fallen over time. This conclusion was later refuted. The evidence that sea levels are rising has been clearly established by the use of satellite and sea level buoys. The average, as per 2012, is 3.1mm per year. See.